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Experienced agronomists recommend soaking the seeds before planting to obtain fast sprouting of tomatoes, to protect seedlings from diseases and to have a good harvest.
An excellent solution for the procedure is the use of hydrogen peroxide. This healing liquid is effective and useful not only in the medical field, but also in the agricultural field.
This article describes in detail the nuances of soaking tomato seeds in hydrogen peroxide before planting, and gives advice on sowing.
Useful properties of the remedy for tomato seeds
Under natural conditions of growth, plants receive the necessary nutrition and protection from rainwater.
For industrial or domestic cultivation, you cannot rely on the grace of nature. Collecting rainwater supplies and keeping them clean is an extremely laborious and impractical process. The optimal alternative for obtaining a bountiful harvest is soaking tomato seeds in hydrogen peroxide.
Hydrogen peroxide or hydrogen peroxide is a powerful antiseptic disinfectant... It contains atomic molecular oxygen: when decaying, it is this element that enriches the seeds with oxygen. Another important property of the element is its oxidative effect (protection and disinfection of seeds from microbes).
What else is peroxide useful for?
- Activation of metabolic processes and acceleration of the germination period.
- Neutralization of the dangerous action of nitrates, nitrites.
- Better absorption of trace elements and nutrients.
Before starting soaking in peroxide, you must place the seeds in water at room temperature. Leave on for 20-30 minutes. This procedure will soften the protective shell and the effect of soaking in peroxide will be more noticeable.
Pros and cons of soaking
The main advantages of the procedure are the achievement of rapid and mass germination, effective disinfection, and an increase in the resistance of future sprouts to external factors. Correct peroxide treatment is a guarantee that the seeds will develop into strong seedlings, dense bushes that will bear fruit well.
Unlike other soaking agents (for example, potassium permanganate), peroxide both disinfects and accelerates germination. Peroxide has no disadvantages and disadvantages. To achieve the desired effect, it is important to properly prepare the working solution and observe the time. If the seeds are left in the peroxide solution for a long time, they will become soaked and unsuitable for planting.
Why is it necessary before sowing?
Tomato seeds contain inhibitors that inhibit and slow down the germination process. In natural conditions, inhibitors are destroyed by natural oxidation. Agronomists use excipients to destroy them. One of the most effective is hydrogen peroxide. This liquid washes away the essential oils, which also affects the growth rate of the seedlings.
What seed is it suitable for?
Soaking is suitable for all seeds and plants... The procedure is especially useful and necessary if there is no confidence in the health and quality of the seed. Pretreatment is not necessary for the seeds of tomato hybrids of known selection, since they are already completely ready for planting. Also, soaking should not be carried out:
- for pelleted seeds (there is a nutritious shell);
- inlaid (a thin water-soluble layer containing disinfecting and growth-stimulating components).
To soak tomato seeds, use the standard instructions for preparing a working solution: 2 tbsp. water 1 tbsp. 3% hydrogen peroxide. The seeds are soaked in this solution. There is also a second way. It is more durable, but effective:
- To prepare the solution, take 6% peroxide and dilute with water in a ratio of 1:10.
- To treat the soil and containers, 1 bottle of peroxide must be dissolved in 4 liters of water.
- The resulting liquid is poured into the soil 2-4 days before planting the seeds, the surfaces of the containers are washed.
Step-by-step instructions on how to soak
|Way||Materials (what is required)||How to keep?||Total time|
|3% peroxide for 2 tbsp. water||Gauze, bag, bowl - your choice.||Keep 12 hours|
|6% peroxide with water (1:10)||A damp cloth, toilet paper, paper napkin - optional.||Moisten the material (cloth, napkin) in a peroxide solution, wrap the seeds in it.||Keep 24 hours.|
There is also an express method of soaking. To do this, take pure 3% peroxide and dip the seeds wrapped in gauze into it for 10 minutes (no more). Then remove the seed and rinse it under running water.
The total holding time of the seeds depends on the concentration of the solution. For example, when using pure peroxide, the duration should not exceed 10 minutes, diluted - from 12 to 24 hours.
How to sow seedlings?
After soaking, the seeds must be dried.... After that, they are ready to disembark. Sow 2-3 hours after removing the peroxide from the solution. What nuances should a gardener take into account?
- Choosing a suitable soil. Mandatory drainage in landing tanks.
- Convenient containers. Seedling tomatoes can be grown in separate cups, pots, common cassette or container.
- Put drainage on the bottom, cover with soil, spill. After absorbing moisture, make a 1 cm depression and place the seed in it.
- There must be at least 2 cm between the seeds.
- Sprinkle the seeds with a thin layer of soil, do not tamp.
- Moisten the soil slightly with a spray bottle.
- Cover with polyethylene, put in a warm place (25 degrees).
- After the sprouts appear, reduce the temperature to 18 degrees.
So, tomato seeds can and should be soaked in hydrogen peroxide... The only exceptions are proven seeds of well-known manufacturers, which have already undergone preliminary training and are ready for planting. The seed must be immersed in the working solution; the holding time depends on the concentration.